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Paris - Around Town : Beaubourg and Les Halles (part 4) - Historical Events in Les Halles

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Historical Events in Les Halles

  1. Roman Era

    A marketplace was first established on the Right Bank of the Seine in a place then called Les Champeaux.

  2. 10th Century

    A larger market for meat, fruit and vegetables is known to have existed in the part of Paris which is now Les Halles.

  3. 1183

    The market is enlarged by King Philippe Auguste, who built shelters for the market traders near St-Eustache church. This date is generally accepted as the founding of Les Halles as the city’s market.

    St-Eustache
  4. 1850s

    Twelve huge iron and glass market halls are built. Napoleon III declares that Les Halles is essential to Paris life.

  5. 1965

    Work begins on a modern wholesale market south of Paris, at Rungis.

  6. 1969

    The central Paris market is closed and moved to Rungis, partly to ease the traffic congestion that was by now too much for the centre of the city.

  7. 1971

    The old buildings are demolished and digging begins, to create for a time what is known as the trou des Halles (the hole of Les Halles).

  8. Mid-1970s

    As well as the shopping malls, gardens are created and buildings next to the cleared space can be seen properly for the first time, including the church of St-Eustache.

  9. 1977

    The Forum des Halles opens and ensures that the area remains as busy as ever, although the goods for sale (high fashion, CDs, fast food) have changed considerably since the market’s early days.

    Forum des Halles
  10. 1986

    Second phase of the Forum des Halles opens, creating the biggest collection of shops under one roof in Paris, though many will always lament the passing of the original market.


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