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Give ’Em A Leg Up - Chic Leg Warmers Put An End To Swaddling Battles (Part 1)

- 7 Kinds Of Fruit That Pregnant Women Shouldn’t Eat
- How to have natural miscarriage
- Foods That Cause Miscarriage
- Signs Proving You Have Boy Pregnancy

Continuing our series on bringing up healthy kids

Did you know that Babies are born with only 22 bones (actually soft flexible cartilage that hardens) in each foot? These increase to 26 by the time they are five. There are three main shapes, usually inherited from you

·         Tapered: the big toe is the longest

·         Rounded: the second or third toe is larger than the big toe

·         Square: all the toes are the same size

Most babies begin life with the toes pointed slightly out. What’s more, when they start to pitter-patter, their feet turn out to some degree in a sort of Donald Duck walk until they gradually bring the front part of the feet in as they progress and their feet are parallel.

Did you know that Babies are born with only 22 bones (actually soft flexible cartilage that hardens) in each foot?

Did you know that Babies are born with only 22 bones (actually soft flexible cartilage that hardens) in each foot?

However if the unborn baby lies with its feet pressed against the womb the wrong way or are crossed it can be born with feet turned inward.

Happy feet (ankles and knees too) depend on the pattern of development. Once the broad-based halting steps of early toddlerhood have been mastered, your child will develop a painless rhythmic gait of his own.

And do remember: Many knee and foot problems that you notice resolve on their own steam without treatment.

Pigeon toes: Your baby sleeps on his tummy, with the feet pointed towards each other, sits with his feet tucked under, and pushes himself in a walker with the outside edge of his feet.

This is how the toeing-in tendency takes hold in a child, even though you may not know that it exists. To prevent

·         At each diaper change, angle the feet out. Tickle baby feet and legs as part of your play routine while you cuddle her, turn out the feet against your body in a spread-eagled position.

·         Tuck into bed with turned out toes, because side and back sleeping babies have no toe problems.

·         Don’t use a walker if your baby toes in or out excessively on one. Tripping is the first sign of pigeon toes.

If necessary, if she hasn’t outgrown the habit by five, orthopedic shoes will get rid of it.

Flat feet: All babies have feet that look flat for the first two years, partly because they haven’t built up their arches, partly because their feet are pudgy.

Tiny feet have very flexible bones and joints, so some children’s feet flatten when they stand, even though you can see the arch if you lift them on their toes.

A foot with a sound arch leaves a raised area in the print on the side of the big toe. A solid foot print made on soft earth by the bare foot is a sign of flat foot. This is because the arch of the instep is lower than usual, so the whole sole rests flat on the ground.

A foot with a sound arch leaves a raised area in the print on the side of the big toe.

A foot with a sound arch leaves a raised area in the print on the side of the big toe.

Flat feet: may be inherited or result when the arch of the foot is unusually flexible or because there are fat pads in the arches both of which require no treatment. However if an older child complains of pains and cramps, ask about specific exercises and corrective shoes

Rigid feet: Cannot be moved up ‘n’ down or side-to-side at the ankles and need an orthopedic doctor’s evaluation.

Club foot: If the feet are turned outwards but have normal movement at the ankle joints, this could be due to a faulty position in the mother’s womb. It requires no treatment and rights itself at 6 months.

If it appears rigid or persists it may be a club foot which requires plastering or surgery.

Knock knees: Most pre-school kids have knock knees where the knees point towards one another. The condition peaks at three, and usually corrects itself by the age of 7 or so without treatment.

Dr. R. K. Anand suggests that you consult your doctor if the gap between the ankles when the child is lying down with the legs touching the bed is more than 10 cms, and the child is over seven.

Bow legs: Almost all infants are bow legged, that is the knees appear rotated away from each other. They can happen because of the way the legs bend to fit in the womb. “Rickets can also cause the condition, but your doctor will confirm this with further investigations”, says Dr. R. K. Anand.

Most pre-school kids have knock knees where the knees point towards one another

Bow leggers usually toe in and are active. It’s not true that the condition only happens to kids who start walking early.

In most cases, bow legs get corrected without intervention by age two.

Consult a doctor if only one leg is affected or if the condition worsens after two.

Most pre-school kids have knock knees where the knees point towards one another

Most pre-school kids have knock knees where the knees point towards one another

Curved shinbones: It’s called Tibial Torsion in medicalese and develops before birth. The shinbones can curve inwards pointing to each other or curve outwards pointing the toes away from each other.

You notice the curved shin bones when the child begins to walk but it gradually straightens out soon afterwards.

Curved thighbone: Or femoral torsion. The thighs may curve inwards with the knees and toes pointing towards each other, or curve outwards with the knees and toes pointing away from each other (this is less common).

You can try to correct the condition by making the child sit straight, but the thigh bones usually right themselves when the child begins to walk.

In the rare instance that it persists past the age of ten, surgical straightening of the bones may be necessary.

 

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