Your sight is precious. We look at how to protect your vision and issues to keep an eye on.

Description: Description: To ensure good sight you need to take care of your eyes

To ensure good sight you need to take care of your eyes. Yet for many people, it’s something we take for granted. We gathered the latest research on eye health and spoke to Jared Slater, national professional services manager of Optometrists Association Australia, to present all you need to know to ensure good vision for life.

Get checked

The most vital thing you can do for your eye health is have a comprehensive eye examination every two years – even if you think you’re seeing well. That’s because most eye diseases can only be detected by specialized equipment that looks at the front and into the back of your eyes. “The prevalence of eye diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma and cataracts, increases with every decade after age 40,” explains Slater. “Often symptoms may not be noticeable early on. Evidence shows that early detection and treatment will reduce the risk of vision loss down the track.”

Practise eye-relaxation

If eye strain from excessive screen time is giving your headaches or blurry vision, do this: every 20 minutes, look away from the screen for 20 seconds and focus on something in the distance for 20 seconds. Experts call it the 20/20/20 rule. In addition, take a five-minute eye break away from the screen every hour. Keep blinking, too. “Studies shows that when we’re concentrating really hard, we blink less frequently, which can lead to dry eyes,” says Slater.

Quit smoking

It increases your risk of developing macular degeneration three to fourfold.

Keep active

If you do you could reduce your risk of developing glaucoma, an eye disease which damages the optic nerve and can lead to vision loss, say UK experts. In their study, moderate exercise was associated with a 25 per cent reduction in the risk of low ocular perfusion pressure (OPP), a risk factor for glaucoma.

Become a shady lady

UV has a cumulative effect on our eyes, so the more they’re exposed the greater the risk of developing cataracts, macular degeneration and eyelids cancers later on.

Remember to…

·         Were close-fitting sunglasses on a regular basis. Look for Australian Standard Category 2, 3 or 4 sunglasses, which block out about 95 per cent of UV light.

·         Pop on a hat. It’ll reduce UV exposure to your eyes by 40 per cent.

·         Fit your glasses or contact lenses with clean in-built UV protection.

·         Wear protective eyewear at the snow or beach. UV radiation is stronger at higher altitudes and when reflecting off water

Description: Description: Become a shady lady


Seek immediate help if there’s a change in your vision such as sudden onset blurred vision or loss of vision. “Any eye pain or discharge from the eye needs to be checked quickly, along with the presence of floating spots or flashes of light in your vision, which may indicate retinal detachment – a tear in the retina at the back of your eye,” says Slater.

Did you know?

People with dry eyes or those who wear contact lenses can be predisposed to styes, a mild infection on the eyelid caused by a blocked tear duct or eyelash follicle. Never squeeze a stye as you might spread the infection. Treat it by applying a warm compress to the eye morning and night, and the heat should help resolve it more quickly.

42%: That’s how much women can lover their risk of developing age-related macular degeneration by eating fish.

A US study revealed that eating one to two servings of fish per week slashed the risk, compared to women who ate less than one serve per month. The fish included canned tuna and oily fish containing omega-3 fatty acids such as salmon, herring, mackerel, anchovies and sardines.

Other high eye-Q foods: Green and yellow vegies, such as spinach, kale, silverbeet, peas, corn, zucchini, broccoli and yellow capsicum, contain lutein and zeaxanthin, antioxidants that help protect eyes.

Description: Description: That’s how much women can lover their risk of developing age-related macular degeneration by eating fish.

I spy … common eye problems

Why are my eyes red?

Red eyes can be a symptom of dry eyes or tiredness. But it can also be conjunctivitis, an inflammation of the tissue that covers the white part of the eye. It can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection, allergies or irritants. Bacterial conjunctivitis is associated with a yellow green discharge, which may need prescription eye drops.

Why am I suddenly squinting?

You probably need prescription glasses, or you might be sensitive to light and glare. “The light rays that come through the center of your cornea are slightly more efficient than the ones that come through around the edges,” says Slater. “So when we’re not seeing well we squint, and use the central part of your eyes to see things just a little bit clearer.”

Why are my eyes so dry and gritty?

Medications such as oral contraceptives, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), antihistamines and diuretics can trigger dry eyes. They’re also more common as we age. Air conditioning, heating, smoke and pollution are all environmental causes. If dry eyes are persistent or painful, lubricating eye drops can help, but see your optometrist, too.

Top search
- Have White Skin Without Acne Thanks To Watermelon
- Goodbye Freckles
- Tips For Lightening Oily Skin
- Cosmetics Suitable For Each Age : Eye shadow, Lipstick and Blush
- 10 of the best skincare products
- 20 days waking up white skin
- 5 Makeup Application Tips to Know
- 5 Top Beauty Tips to Prepare You for Spring
- Big Bold Lip Guide
- Color Your Way
- Your Big Make-Up Shake-Up
- Autumn Make Up – October 2012 (Part 5)
- Autumn Make Up – October 2012 (Part 4)
- Autumn Make Up – October 2012 (Part 3)
- Autumn Make Up – October 2012 (Part 2)
- Autumn Make Up – October 2012 (Part 1)
- Body Combat
- Made To Measure (Part 2)
Top keywords
Miscarriage Pregnant Pregnancy Pregnancy day by day Pregnancy week by week Losing Weight Stress Placenta Makeup Collection
Top 5
- 5 Ways to Support Your Baby Development
- 5 Tips for Safe Exercise During Pregnancy
- Four Natural Ways Alternative Medicine Can Help You Get Pregnant (part 2)
- Four Natural Ways Alternative Medicine Can Help You Get Pregnant (part 1)
- Is Your Mental Health Causing You to Gain Weight (part 2) - Bipolar Disorder Associated with Weight Gain