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According to The American Medical Association’s statistics, an adult can have respiratory infection for 2-4 times per year. Children’s risk of respiratory infection is much higher than adult’s.

Children who have normal nutrition state and growth can have upper respiratory tract infection over 10 times a year. The upper respiratory tract infection is acute infection in the respiratory tract, and caused by the intrusions of factors, such as viruses (influenza, Pare- influenza, adenovirus, rhinovirus, Coronavirus, enterovirus, RSV…) or bacteria (streptococcus pneumonia Heamophilus influenza, B.catarrhalis, streptococcus pyogenes…)

Causes

The chance having diseases will increase if the children live in areas that are polluted.

The chance having diseases will increase if the children live in areas that are polluted.

Children have disease by the time they contact with the fluid that contains viruses or bacteria and is got out by the patient’s sneezes or cough; it also happens when children hold toys or items that have pathogenous factors. Premature or light-weight children or ones that don’t receive breastfeeding, have malnutrition, immunodeficiency or chronic diseases are much chance of having the disease than others. The chance will increase if the children live in areas that are polluted, crowded, narrowed or have low-hygiene condition.

Common signs

It depends on the location, pathogenous factors, children’s age and health that the disease appears in different levels.

Acute nasopharyngitis caused by viruses: 1-2 days after contacting with pathogenous viruses, children start to have symptoms like fever, headache, fatigue, sneezing, stuffy nose, vomiting, diarrhea and similar symptoms in 7 days.

Sneezing is a symptom of nasopharyngitis.

Sneezing is a symptom of nasopharyngitis.

Acute nasal sinusitis: The symptoms are similar to the nasopharyngitis’s but tend to reduce then get worse in the later week. Children will have long-term stuffy nose and rheum. The snivel often turns to white, green or yellow. Children often cry a lot. In the case children can speak, they will complain about the headache, pain behind the eye’s socket, toothache and sore throat. Additionally, there’re symptoms that last over 10 days, such as fatigue, fever, choke, bad breath…

Acute tracheitis: Viruses are considered to be the factors if fever, cough, pain of swallowing are not gone or get worse after 5-7 days accounting from the day the symptoms appear.

Children can have high fever when having acute epiglottitis.

Children can have high fever when having acute epiglottitis.

Acute epiglottitis: Children at the age of 2-6, especially at 3, tend to have epiglottitis. They often have symptoms like high fever, swallowing pain, saliva retention, neck-side nodes, voice changing, voice lost, cough, shortness of breath… The disease often occurs quickly and severely. It can lead children death, which is due to respiratory failure, infection, poisoning that are not received suitable treatments.

Children can cough a lot; the sound of the cough is similar to the bark.

Children can cough a lot; the sound of the cough is similar to the bark.

Acute laryngitis and croup: The age at which children often have those diseases is about 6 months – 6 years old; concentrate at the age of 2. After a few days infected with the diseases, children start to have symptoms of the normal nasopharyngitis, such as hoarseness, voice lost, wheeze, inward movement of the lower rib cage and chest. Children can choke a lot; the sound of the cough is similar to the bark. Children can have shortness of breath, loud breath, secondary respiratory muscle contractures, sweating, dopey states of mind and be leaded to death if they don’t received timely treatment.

Care and treatment

Maintain children’s normal regimens when they’re sick; avoid over-abstaining. Try to make they eat more meals when they’re over diseases to provide nutrients that they are lack of.

You can let your children have common antipyretics, such as Panadol, Bivinadol, Efferalgan, Tylenol… Let them take the medicines with warm water to reduce the fever.

You can let your children have common antipyretics.

You can let your children have common antipyretics.

Let children have some drops of saline and clean their nose before feeding them.

Use popular remedies like white roses and brown sugar, lemon basil and honey, or other available herbal cough syrup like Pectol, Astex… to ease the cough.

Antibiotics are not necessary to use in most cases. Consult your doctor before making babies take them.

Take babies to the hospital if the symptoms don’t get better or last over 5-7 days. It’s necessary to hospitalize children as soon as they have high fever, don’t respond to the common antipyretics; have severe fatigue, shortness of breath, diarrhea, vomiting a lot, appetite lost; stop eating.

Preventions

·         Breastfeed babies a few hours after born and continue doing it till they’re 2 years old. After that, start feeding them with foods and follow a sensible regimen.

·         Let your children have enough vaccination according to the national immunization program and other necessary vaccination.

·         Stop smoking and keep the house ventilated and clean.

·         Limit taking children to crowded places in the epidemic season.

·         Wear masks when contacting patients, before and after taking care of them.

Let your children have enough vaccination according to the national immunization program and other necessary vaccination.

Let your children have enough vaccination according to the national immunization program and other necessary vaccination.

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