women

While breastfeeding

Though the level of HIV virus in breast milk isn’t high, the HIV virus can penetrate into baby’s oral mucosa, tongue and gums, causing infection, especially when the baby has oral inflammations. In the case the mother’s breasts have inflammations, scratches or the baby’s teeth cause mother’s breast bleeding, HIV virus will follow the blood flow and penetrate into the oral mucosa, causing HIV infection. About 20-30% of children have mother-to-child HIV transmission due to breastfeeding; it depends on the time and breastfeeding methods.

The risk of being infected with HIV by breastfeeding increases when the mother comes to the AIDS stage (the level of HIV virus in blood is high) or she is infected with HIV after giving birth or during the breastfeeding period, (in the early stage of HIV, the level of HIV virus in blood is quite high, too); the longer the mother feeds the baby with her breast milk, the bigger the risk of HIV transmission gets. In addition, it will also happens to the HIV mother who concurrently feeds her child with her breast milk and other foods (the different foods and drinks can cause diarrhea, intestinal mucosa injury, which helps the HIV virus transmit more easily from the mother’s milk to the child)

The risk of being infected with HIV by breastfeeding increases when the mother comes to the AIDS stage.

The risk of being infected with HIV by breastfeeding increases when the mother comes to the AIDS stage.

For that reason, to prevent and reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, the mother infected with HIV virus needs to go to the specialized medical facilities to receive professional advice, pregnancy care and prophylactic treatment for the mother-to-child HIV transmission as well as to be kept in track with the health state. During delivery, the HIV- infected mother needs to continue following the obstetrician’s instructions in order to have a smooth and safe birth giving. Moms should ask for doctor’s advice about child caring and follow his care and treatment instructions.

You should have regular medical examinations to prevent diseases infected from mothers to children.

You should have regular medical examinations to prevent diseases infected from mothers to children.

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrhea virus. This virus often lives in the wet part of the body like vagina, penis, eyes, throat and rectum. The gonorrhea can be transmitted by every form of sex, such as oral sex, vaginal and anal sex.

The gonorrhea symptoms of female is not typical, it silently develops and hardly has acute symptoms.

Pregnant women who don’t know that they have gonorrhea or know but have unfinished treatments can transmit the disease to their children. The child’s infected with the gonorrhea virus during labor when it interferes with the mother’s vagina. In that case, the newborn can have eye conjunctivitis which is the most popular disease.

 

The symptoms often appear in the third day after birth and happen to 2 eyes.

The symptoms often appear in the third day after birth and happen to 2 eyes.

The symptoms often appear in the third day after birth and happen to 2 eyes. They are eyelid deformation, edema, eyelid sticking, greenish-yellow plus secreting, sensitivity to light and bleeding. If there’s no treatment applied, it can cause ulcer complication, corneal perforation and blinding. Sometimes, the child can be transmitted the gonorrhea and Chlamydia virus from the cervical secretion.

Besides, if the gonorrhea patients aren’t received treatment before getting pregnant, it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease – PID. This is the reason causing ectopic pregnancy which increases the risk of miscarriage and other complications that can put the child’s life in danger.

So, pregnant women who are likely to have gonorrhea (have lots of partner, have sex with sick people without protection) need to take medical exams to have the situation controlled and take another one in around 3 last months of the pregnancy to limit the complications of the disease. The disease can be easily treated, so you should consult a doctor if you are in the possible group or have gonorrhea symptoms.

 

 

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