women

The AFP test is not often conducted alone; it’s one of the Triple tests. There’re 3 substances used in the Triple test, such as AFP hCG and Estriol. The AFP test is usually taken around the 15th to 20th week of pregnancy.

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is one of fetal substances that are found in amniotic fluid, fetal blood and mother’s blood. The level of instability of AFP can show a neutral tube defect, Down syndrome, lacking amniotic fluid in the mother or just the later complications in pregnancy, such as the risk of stillbirth.

AFP test also depends on mother’s race, weight, height, history of diabetes, smoking, the number of fetuses and fetal age…

AFP test also depends on mother’s race, weight, height, history of diabetes, smoking, the number of fetuses and fetal age…

When having abnormal AFP results, pregnant women will be designated to take amniocentesis or CVS. However, to precisely estimate the risk needs a combination of the 3 tests. AFP test also depends on mother’s race, weight, height, history of diabetes, smoking, the number of fetuses and fetal age…

At the 28th week of pregnancy – Glucose test

Women who are over 25 should take glucose tolerance tests and gestational diabetes tests between the 25th and 28th weeks. A sugary still drink will be given to pregnant women to drink before taking tests. They can do blood exams in an hour after drinking the water. Time is very important to ensure the accuracy of the results. Blood tests won’t endanger the mother and child and will be pronounced in one or two day later. 

Pregnant women who have high levels of glucose will have to take glucose tolerance test. This means the blood will be sent to the lab. It takes 1 to 2 days to bring out the results. If the results show that the women have high levels of glucose, they need carefully monitoring, regimens that can control the level of insulin. In the case that levels of glucose is very high, insulin injections are necessary.

Women who are over 25 should take glucose tolerance tests and gestational diabetes tests between the 25th and 28th week.

Women who are over 25 should take glucose tolerance tests and gestational diabetes tests between the 25th and 28th week.

Fetuses that are carried by pregnant women having uncontrollable diabetes can be overweight, premature births and have serious complication due to blood pressure. Insulin which is added is stored in the form of adipose tissues which are usually in baby’s shoulder or body.

Dr. Jame Proulx (obstetrician in William hospital) said that most of women having gestational diabetes have the level of glucose back to normal few days after giving birth. Nevertheless, there’re many women that still have diabetes after giving birth; they need to take periodical check for the later state.

At the 36th week – Group B Strep

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a virus caused by bacteria that can be found in the vagina or the rectum of pregnant women. Centers for Control and Prevention (CDC) suggested that every pregnant woman take Strep B test for the vagina regularly. The test will be carried out between the 35th and 37th week of pregnancy. The American Academy of Pediatrics also recommends that all women that have the risk factors before taking GBS (such as the fact pregnant women already have premature births started before fetuses reach the 37th week) need treating with IV antibiotics until their states of GBS are controlled.

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a virus caused by bacteria that can be found in the vagina or the rectum of pregnant women.

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a virus caused by bacteria that can be found in the vagina or the rectum of pregnant women.

Women that are positive for GBS will have diseases. Though GBS rarely happens to pregnant women, its result is very serious to women who have the disease. Hence, doctors recommend that pregnant women consider GBS as a part of antenatal care habits.

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