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Pregnancy Week by Week : Week 30 (part 1)

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1. How Big Is Your Baby?

At this point, your baby weighs about 3 pounds (1.3kg). Its crown-to-rump length is a little over 10¾ inches (27cm), and total length is 15¾ inches (40cm).

2. How Big Are You?

It may be hard to believe you still have 10 weeks to go! You may feel like you’re running out of room. Measuring from your bellybutton, your uterus is about 4 inches (10cm) above it. From the pubic symphysis, the top of your uterus measures about 12 inches (30cm).

You should be gaining about 1 pound a week. About half of this weight is concentrated in the growth of the uterus, the baby, the placenta and the volume of amniotic fluid. Growth is mostly in your abdomen and your pelvis. You may experience increasing discomfort in your pelvis and abdomen as pregnancy progresses.

3. How Your Baby Is Growing and Developing

A baby is usually quite active during pregnancy. We believe these knots occur as the baby moves around in early pregnancy. A loop forms in the umbilical cord; the baby moves through the loop, and a knot results. Your actions do not cause or prevent this kind of complication. A knot in the umbilical cord doesn’t occur often.

4. Changes in You

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disorder of the large intestine (colon) that causes abdominal pain and abnormal bowel movements. IBS is not the same as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It doesn’t permanently damage the intestines or lead to more serious problems. We don’t know what causes IBS. It may be a lifelong condition, but symptoms can often be improved or relieved with treatment.

As many as 1 in 5 American adults may have symptoms of IBS. It can occur at any age but often begins in adolescence or early adulthood; it’s more common in women. IBS that occurs after an intestinal infection is called postinfectious IBS.

Symptoms range from mild to severe and may include abdominal pain, bloating, cramping, constipation, diarrhea, gas, depression and loss of appetite. Emotional stress may worsen symptoms. Nervous-system or colon abnormalities may cause greater-than-normal discomfort when the abdomen stretches from gas. Triggers for IBS can range from gas or pressure on your intestines to certain foods, medicines and stress.

IBS and Pregnancy. IBS symptoms may get worse during pregnancy and cause discomfort. The problem often lessens during the first trimester and reappears in the second trimester. In the third trimester, symptoms often increase.


Image

This fetus has a knot in its umbilical cord.

Your digestive system may slow down, causing constipation. Improper diet and lack of physical activity can also play a role in constipation. Drink plenty of water. Eat a high-fiber diet. Do moderate, safe exercise, if you have your healthcare provider’s OK. Adequate rest and sleep may help. Soluble fiber supplements may reduce constipation and diarrhea.

If IBS becomes severe, you may be prescribed medication. There is no cure for the problem—the goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms. Work with your healthcare provider during pregnancy if you have IBS.

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