Women

Useful Tips That Help Pregnant Women To Prevent Miscarriage

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One of the things that make pregnant women worried the most is the risk of miscarriage.

According to estimates, one out of five pregnant women has miscarriage around their 3 first months of pregnancy. However, you can minimize the risk of miscarriage if you have better knowledge about the reason of it.

Abnormal chromosome

This is the popular reason of miscarriage. When eggs meet sperm, it could be due to defective eggs or sperms that the chromosomes don’t match properly. In that case, the fertilized embryos will have chromosome abnormalities and the pregnancy will end soon. On other words, it means miscarriage.

What to do

If you have another miscarriage, you should think about taking chromosome tests.

If you have another miscarriage, you should think about taking chromosome tests.

You still have chance to have safe pregnancy and healthy babies after the first miscarriage. However, if you have another miscarriage, you should think about taking chromosome tests to know whether the reason of your miscarriage is chromosome abnormalities. If your chromosomes are normal, doctors will consult you and help you find out the reason of your successive miscarriages.

Uterus and cervix issues

Some birth defects in the uterus, cervical septum and serious stuck uterine issues can prevent embryos building their implantations on the uterine wall or in case they’ve already had the implantations they can’t receive enough nutrient to survive, which leads to miscarriage.

The cervix which is weak or usually short (cervical failure) hardly keeps fetuses stay in the uterus at the end of the first trimester when fetuses are big enough to affect the cervix.

What to do

You should see a doctor to have uterine and cervical checks. If there’s cervical septum, it can be removed by surgeries. In case of weak cervix, it can be fixed by temporary cervical surgeries.

History of miscarriage

Women who have miscarriage successively twice or more have higher risk of miscarriage than other women.

What to do

It’s necessary to be calm and relaxed.

It’s necessary to be calm and relaxed.

·         Avoid doing hard work, spend more time resting but remain small activities to help the body be healthy.

·         Have daily supply that provides enough nutrients, especially iron, magnesium, B6…

·         It’s necessary to be calm and relaxed.

·         After a miscarriage, wait 6 months to 1 year for the genitalia to completely amend before getting pregnant again.

The age

Miscarriages tend to increase through pregnant women’s ages. In fact, the risk of miscarriage can increase to 15% to women who are over 35 years old; the risk is 20-35% to women who are 35-45. And, women who are over 45 years old have the most risk of miscarriage.

A part from the risk of miscarriage, fetuses of women who are over 35 years old often have birth defects, the risk of Down and other defects.

What to do

You’d better have children when you’re 22-29 years old. At that time, the body has fully developed and the eggs are also at is best condition, which can reduce the risk of miscarriage. On the other hand, women in those ages are spiritually ready for getting pregnant and having children.

If you have children when you’re over 35 years old, you need to keep tract of fetal developments by having recurring pregnancy tests directed by your doctor. You also have to pay more attention on your diets and exercises.  

Infectious diseases

The risk of miscarriage will get higher if pregnant women have listeria, mumps, rubella, measles, cytomegalovirus infection, parvovirus infection, gonorrhea, AIDS and other infectious diseases.

You should have immunization to prevent some diseases before pregnancy.

You should have immunization to prevent some diseases before pregnancy.

What to do

Before getting pregnant, you need to have general health examinations to know your health state and prepare for pregnancy.

You should have shots of flu, measles, rubella… before reaching the third month of pregnancy.

Drinking and smoking habits

Smoking or inactive smoking is harmful to fetuses. In tobacco smoke, there’re thousands of chemicals in which there’re substances that harmful to reproductive health, such as benzene and cadmium.

What to do

You should stop smoking  and drinking when pregnant.

You should stop smoking and drinking when pregnant.

To have a healthy and safe pregnancy, you should stop smoking, drinking and stay away from places that have tobacco smoke.

Chronic diseases and disorders

Diabetes that is not under good control, genetic coagulopathy, immune disorders ( anti-phospholipid syndrome – severe coagulation or Hughes; Systemischer Lupus erythematodes) and hormonal disorders (polycystic ovary syndrome) are some of the reason of the increase of miscarriage.

What to do

·         Limit eating calorie, carbohydrate and have regular exercise.

·         Have recurring pregnancy checks.

Diet

When pregnant, the diet plays an important role in fetal developments. Having anemia and folic acid deficiency are some of the reason of malnutrition and miscarriage. Besides, eating too much foods like aloe, wormwood leaves, green papaya, animal livers… also increase the risk of miscarriage.

A healthy regimen can help pregnant women prevent miscarriage.

A healthy regimen can help pregnant women prevent miscarriage.

What to do

When pregnant, women need to have balance diets, iron and acid folic pills to prevent anemia and acid folic deficiency. Women should have nutrition supplies before getting pregnant. Therefore, they should spend 3-6 months preparing for pregnancy.

Take medicine arbitrarily

There’re some pills whose elements are able to increase the risk of pregnancy. Hence, pregnant women shouldn’t take medicine without prescription.

You should never take medicines without doctor’s prescription.

You should never take medicines without doctor’s prescription.

Even the drugs that you take is tonics or vitamin pills, you should never buy or drink them without prescription. That’s because doctors will base on the results of your pregnancy tests to give you prescriptions about the tonics and vitamins you need, so if you have increase the amount of nutrient absorption buy taking more pills arbitrarily, it can cause you side effects.

Traumas

The miscarriage is also caused by traumas, such as accidents, carrying heavy things, doing strong movements, often using stairs, going away…

What to do

·         You should do gentle movement, avoid traumas and serious collisions.

·         Do not carry heavy things

·         Traveling by taxis or buses for safety reason

·         When having abnormal signs like abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding, cramps, pelvic pressure…, you should see a doctor to have timely interventions.

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