women

The newborn’s health state depends on parent’s preparation.

The 10 followings will help you prevent fetal malformations.

Provide yourself with folic acid

Every woman at child-bearing age needs to have folic acid supplements for at least 3 times a month before getting pregnant. Lacking folic acid is the reason of some congenital malformations and neural tube defects (congenital spondylolysis defect is the most popular) in fetus. Those defects can appear in the early stage of pregnancy; it even happens before the woman knows that she’s pregnant so that she can timely provide herself with Folate. It’s also too late when you have the first pregnancy test (often at the 10th week).

Go for medical examinations before getting pregnant

According to doctor’s recommendations, women in reproductive age should have a pre-pregnancy test before pregnant. It’s due to the fact that the mother’s pre-pregnancy health is proved to have a big role in foretelling the health state of her and her child in pregnancy. It also makes sense to women that have had chronic diseases before.

You should take prenatal check-up regularly.

You should take prenatal check-up regularly.

Do not drink alcohol

A congenital defect that can be totally prevented is fetal alcohol syndrome. The low-rated bad effects of the syndrome can cause intellectual and behavior matters. In the worse situation, the defects can cause stillbirth. Up to now, there has been no alcohol absorption limit during pregnancy recommended. Therefore, pregnant women should entirely avoid alcohol and alcoholic products while pregnant.

Stop smoking and passive smoking

Stay away from tobacco smoke.

Stay away from tobacco smoke.

According to March and Dimes Foundation, if pregnant women are isolated from tobacco smoke, the miscarriage risk will decrease 5%; the rate of low birth weight will decrease 20%; the decrease of premature birth is 8%, stillbirth is 11 %, and neonatal mortality is 5%.

Avoid contact with chemicals

Chemicals are believed to be the reason of birth defects. Therefore, to ensure your children’s future, you’d better avoid exposure to chemicals, including the chemicals that you use daily. In case your job requires contact with detergents like working at enterprises, factory or studio, you should always use gloves and masks or gas marks; the place you work has to have ventilation system guaranteed. Pregnant women who work in medical environment need to receive special care for having regular contact with disinfectants.

Proper eating habits

Eating fresh food that has a variety in color is the most natural way to maintain a healthy pregnancy.

Eating fresh food that has a variety in color is the most natural way to maintain a healthy pregnancy.

Nutrition is one of element that decides a healthy pregnancy. You can do some studies about pregnant nutrition, but the advice for you is eating a variety of healthy foods and limiting using industrial processing foods. Moreover, pregnant women also need to be provided with vitamin during pregnancy.

Early HPV detection

Though HPV virus doesn’t cause birth defects, it can cause premature birth. Babies who are born prematurely have the brain and lung underdeveloped which results in severe brain and lung impairment. In conjecture, 50% of people who had sex were infected with HPV for once in their life.

Don’t take medicine in random

While pregnant, every pill that you take must be carefully referred by obstetricians and specialists (you need to be honest about your pregnancy state, so that the obstetrician can give you the right prescription). Even to the medicines that treat common sickness and require no prescription, you need to have permission to use them in order not to harm the fetus.

Genetic assessment helps you to know about the fetal risk of birth defects.

Genetic assessment helps you to know about the fetal risk of birth defects.

Genetic assessment

It’s difficult to define the reason of most birth defect cases, but if your wife’s/husband’s family has a history in having any defects, the genetic assessment can help you analyze the risk of having defects. By the result of genetic assessment, the doctor can diagnose the risk of defects of you and your spouse so that both of you could make the right decision about getting pregnant and having babies.

Relax

It’s proved that, during pregnancy, the mother’s heavy state of stress can cause birth defects.  Stress also relates to the increase of miscarriage’s risk, premature birth and infertility. There’re many ways to release your stress, such as doing exercise and yoga frequently. 

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