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Pregnancy Week by Week : Week 25 (part 2) - Stress during Pregnancy, Falling and Injuries from Falls

- 7 Kinds Of Fruit That Pregnant Women Shouldn’t Eat
- How to have natural miscarriage
- Foods That Cause Miscarriage
- Signs Proving You Have Boy Pregnancy

Stress during Pregnancy

Feeling stress is common during any woman’s life. Stress is what you feel in situations that are dangerous, difficult or menacing. Chronic stress is stress caused by ongoing situations or problems, such as unemployment, deployment of your partner, financial problems. Anxiety is magnified worry and is greater than justified.

Many experts believe stress in you can affect the health of your baby, including causing gastric disorders, such as colic, and later in life, reading difficulties and/or behavioral problems.

Pregnancy is stressful! Studies show pregnancy ranks #12 on a list of life’s most stressful events. Normal stress probably won’t hurt you or baby, but major stress may increase your risk of premature birth. Learning to manage stress can go a long way in making your life more manageable—when you’re pregnant and when you’re not!

During pregnancy, stress can be caused by many things. Hormone changes can cause you to react in ways that aren’t normal for you, which can be stressful. Your body is changing, which stresses many women. You may have worked very hard to get and/or to maintain your figure—now that you’re pregnant, there’s not much you can do about it.

Eating well and exercising can help you feel better and may relieve some stress. You may be thinking about being a good parent—the prospect of parenthood can be stressful for anyone. You may not be feeling very well, which adds to the problem. You may feel stress from working or other obligations.

Relax, and take it easy! There are many things you can do to help relieve stress. Try them, and encourage your partner to try them if he’s also feeling stressed out.

• Get enough sleep each night. Lack of sleep can make you feel stressed.

• Rest and relax during the day. Read or listen to music during a quiet period. Slow down in your daily activities.

• When you feel stressed, stop and take a few slow, deep breaths. This can help turn off the stressed part of your nervous system.

• Exercise can help you work off stress. Take a walk or visit the gym. Put on an exercise video for pregnant women. Do something active and physical (but not too physical) to relieve stress. Ask your partner to join you.

• It may sound corny, but think “happy thoughts.” When you turn your thoughts to good things, it actually sends a chemical message to your brain that flows through your entire body and helps you relax.

• Eat nutritiously. Having enough calories available all through the day helps you avoid “lows.”

• Be positive. Sometimes deciding to be more positive can affect you. Smiling instead of frowning can help ease stress—put on a happy face.

• Do something you enjoy, and do it for you.

• If smells are important to you, make sure you include them in your life. Burn scented candles, or buy fragrant flowers to help you relax.

• Don’t be a loner. Share your concerns with your partner, or find a group of pregnant women you can talk with.

Falling and Injuries from Falls

A fall is the most frequent cause of minor injury during pregnancy. Fortunately, a fall is usually without serious injury to the baby or mother-to-be. The uterus is well protected in the abdomen inside the pelvis. The baby is protected by the cushion of amniotic fluid surrounding it. Your uterus and abdominal wall also offer some protection.

If you fall, contact your healthcare provider; he or she may want to examine you. You may feel reassured if you’re monitored and baby’s heartbeat is checked. Baby’s movement after a fall can be reassuring.

Minor injuries to the abdomen are treated as though you were not pregnant. However, avoid X-rays if possible. Ultrasound evaluation may be the test of choice after a fall. This is judged on an individual basis, depending on the severity of your symptoms and your injury.

Your balance and mobility change as you grow larger during pregnancy. Be careful during the winter when parking lots and sidewalks may be wet or icy. Many pregnant women fall on stairs; always use the handrail. Walk in well-lit areas, and try to stay on sidewalks.

Dad Tip

Who knew forgetfulness could be tied to pregnancy? If you find your partner just can’t remember things you ask her to do or to remember something important to you, make lists for her. Approach it with humor—you may find you get a better response.

Slow down a little as you get larger; you won’t be able to get around as quickly as you normally do. With the change in your balance, plus any dizziness you experience, it’s important to be watchful to avoid falling.

Some signs can alert you to a problem after a fall, including bleeding, a gush of fluid from the vagina, indicating rupture of membranes, and/or severe abdominal pain. Placental abruption, premature separation of the placenta from the uterus, is one of the most serious problems caused by a fall.

Sometimes a fall or accident causes a broken bone, which may require X-rays and surgery. Treatment cannot be delayed until after pregnancy; the problem must be dealt with immediately. If you find yourself in such a situation, insist your pregnancy healthcare provider be contacted before any test is done or treatment is started.

If X-rays are required, your pelvis and abdomen must be shielded. If they can’t be shielded, the need for the X-ray must be weighed against the risk it poses to baby.

Anesthesia or pain medication may be necessary with a simple break that requires setting or pinning. It is best for you and the baby to avoid general anesthesia if possible. You may need pain medicine, but keep its use to a minimum.

If general anesthesia is required to repair a break, the baby should be monitored closely. Your surgeon and pregnancy healthcare provider will work together to provide the best care for you and your baby.

3. Your Nutrition

Pregnancy increases your need for vitamins and minerals. It’s best if you can meet most of these needs through the foods you eat. However, being realistic, we know that can be hard to do. That’s one reason your healthcare provider prescribes a prenatal vitamin for you—to help you meet your nutritional needs.

Some women do need extra help during pregnancy—supplements are often prescribed for them. These pregnant women include teenagers (whose bodies are still growing), severely underweight women, women who ate a poor diet before conception and women who have previously given birth to multiples. Women who smoke or drink may need supplements, as do some who have a chronic medical condition, those who take certain medications and those who have problems digesting cow’s milk, wheat and other essential foods. In some cases, vegetarians may need supplements.

If you have a burst of energy during this trimester, use it to get out of the house.

A Balanced Meal Plan

Below is a list of some foods to choose from each group and an appropriate serving size for each. There are many different foods to choose from.

•  Breads, cereals, rice, pasta and grains, 6 to 11 servings—1 slice of bread, ½ bun, ½ English muffin, ½ small bagel, ½ cup cooked pasta, rice or hot cereal, 4 crackers, ¾ cup cold cereal

•  Fruit, 2 to 4 servings—¼ cup dried fruit, ½ cup fresh, canned or cooked fruit, ¾ cup juice

•  Vegetables, 3 to 5 servings—½ cup cooked vegetables, 1 cup leafy salad vegetables, ¾ cup juice

•  Protein sources, 2 to 3 servings—2 to 3 ounces of cooked poultry, meat or fish, 1 cup cooked beans, ¼ cup seeds or nuts, ½ cup tofu, 2 eggs

•  Dairy products, 4 servings—1 cup milk (any type), 1 cup yogurt, 1½ ounces cheese, 1½ cups of cottage cheese, 1½ cups frozen yogurt, ice milk or ice cream

•  Fats, oils and sweets—limit intake of these food products; concentrate on nutritious, healthy foods

Your healthcare provider can discuss the situation with you. If you need more than a prenatal vitamin, he or she will advise you. Caution: Never take any supplements without your healthcare provider’s OK!

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