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There’re 3 essential nutrients for pregnancy, such as folic acid (vitamin B9), iron and iodine. Besides, pregnant women also need providing with other nutrients to have a healthy pregnancy.

When pregnant, a part from the 3 vitamins and minerals that are necessary for pregnancy, such as folic acid ( vitamin B9), iron and iodine, pregnant women also need providing with other nutrients to have healthy and intelligent babies.

In fact, daily regimens and baby’s development have a close relationship. Both lacking nutrients and plenty of them cause bad effects on fetuses.

Folic acid - Vitamin B9

 If lacking folic acid when pregnant, women can have anemia which leads to the risk of miscarriage, premature birth, fetal malnutrition and birth defects.

Folic acid contained a lot in foods like animal liver, tomato, dark-green leaf vegetable such as convolvulus, Ceylon spinach, folium sauropi, broccoli…

Folic acid contained a lot in foods like animal liver, tomato, dark-green leaf vegetable such as convolvulus, Ceylon spinach, folium sauropi, broccoli…

Lacking vitamin B6, B12 and folic acid will affect the functions of homocysteine enzyme, which leads to birth defects, neurological disabilities and hydrocephalus. When pregnant, women should provide themselves with the 3 nutrients and follow doctor’s prescription.

Folic acid contained a lot in foods like animal liver, tomato, dark-green leaf vegetable such as convolvulus, Ceylon spinach, folium sauropi, broccoli…

Iron

Generally, the necessary amount of iron to pregnant women is 30-60 mg a day, as double as normal. Lacking iron can increase the risk of premature birth, haemorrhage and infection in pregnant women.

Beef is rich in iron.

Beef is rich in iron.

Apart from adding foods that are rich in iron like beef, pork, pig blood, poultry, mackerel, tuna, dried fruits, beans, eggs, green vegetables…, pregnant women also need providing 600 mg iron a day to make sure that they get the necessary iron amount.

Iodine

Lacking iodine can lead to goiters, disabilities or physical decline. With the appearance of many types of iodine, lacking iodine has decreased. However, in other places, there’s iodine excess. Iodine excess can cause goiters, brain, memory and intelligence dysfunction of fetuses. The low-weight brain and lack of brain cell of fetuses can lead to intelligence deficiency. However, if there’s a protein excess, especially the excess of animals, it’ll lead amino acid to over-digestion and stimulating calcium lost and osteoporosis.

Iodine lacking can cause goiter.

Iodine lacking can cause goiter.

Doctors advise pregnant women to eat foods that are rich in vitamin C and B6. Those vitamins will help pregnant women to have better appetite. Nevertheless, when choosing foods, pregnant women should take notice of the amount of protein that is absorbed in order to avoid causing bad effects on fetal calcium absorption.

Protein

In the early stage of pregnancy, many pregnant women have to suffer from nausea that they find it difficult to eat, which lead to lacking of nutrients.  Lacking protein will affect fetal brain's development. The weight of fetal brain can have light weight, a little number of brain cell, which reduces intelligence. However, if there's protein excess, especially animal protein, it'll lead to amino acid over-absorbing, accelerate calcium deficiency process and cause osteoporosis.

According to doctor's advice, pregnant women should eat foods that have plenty of vitamin C and B6 which are appetizing. Nevertheless, when choosing foods, pregnant women should take notice of the amount of absorbed protein so as not to affect the calcium absorption of fetuses.

Pregnant women should eat foods that have plenty of vitamin C and B6 which are appetizing.

Pregnant women should eat foods that have plenty of vitamin C and B6 which are appetizing.

Fat

Fats, especially unsaturated acids, directly affect the development of brain cells. If pregnant women lack fats, it’ll affect the brain development. Nonetheless, fat excess can also cause bad effects on fetal growth. Therefore, pregnant women should be provided with a suitable amount of fat, avoid having unnecessary fat excess and lack.

Fat excess can also cause bad effects on fetal growth.

Fat excess can also cause bad effects on fetal growth.

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are mainly to provide energy to the body. However, when those substances are too crowded, they can cause cataracts ad affect fetal eyesight. Children can born blinded or have heart diseases and other defects. For that reason, health expert recommend for women not to eat too much spaghetti during pregnancy.

Health expert recommend for women not to eat too much spaghetti during pregnancy.

Health expert recommend for women not to eat too much spaghetti during pregnancy.

Vitamin A

Lacking vitamin A can cause eye, heart and lung defects. If pregnant women are really lack of vitamin A, they can have miscarriage or stillbirth. On the contrary, an excess of vitamin A can cause chronic poisoning, bad effects on bones and unary tract malformation in fetuses.

Vitamin E

Lacking vitamin E can make pregnant women have miscarriage, premature birth, fetal birth defects or the fact that children are born without brain. Contrarily, a vitamin E excess can cause hypertension, headache and dizziness to pregnant women.

Vitamin A and C are very necessary for pregnancy.

Vitamin A and C are very necessary for pregnancy.

Besides, trace elements are also necessary to pregnant women.

·         Calcium lacking will affect fetal bone development. On the contrary, calcium excess can cause placenta calcification, bone calcification which leads to children’s height retardation.

·         Magnesium lacking will make fetuses to have birth defects like cleft lip, short chin, small tongue, diaphragmatic hernia and pleura effusion. When pregnant, there’re many pregnant women that only notice about providing calcium and skip the magnesium.

·         Women that are lack of zinc will lose appetite, which leads to decrease in food what is absorbed. That also directly affects the division of fetuses and cause disorders, intelligence growth, lacking amniotic fluid or immune function decrease.

·         Adding zinc to the body needs to have notices because the amount of zinc can cause bad effects on pregnant women and fetuses, such as nausea, diarrhea…

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