women

Pregnancy Week by Week : Week 11 (part 2) - Traveling during Pregnancy, Auto Safety during Pregnancy, Medication Classification for Pregnancy

- 7 Kinds Of Fruit That Pregnant Women Shouldn’t Eat
- How to have natural miscarriage
- Foods That Cause Miscarriage
- Signs Proving You Have Boy Pregnancy

6. Traveling during Pregnancy

Pregnant women frequently ask whether travel can hurt their baby. If your pregnancy is uncomplicated and you aren’t at high risk, travel is usually OK. Ask your healthcare provider about any travel you’re considering before making firm plans or buying tickets.

Whether you travel by car, bus, train, boat or airplane, get up and walk at least every hour. Regular visits to the bathroom may take care of this.

The biggest risk of traveling during pregnancy is developing a problem while you’re away from those who know your medical and pregnancy history. If you do decide to take a trip, be sensible in your planning. Don’t overdo it. Take it easy! Signs you shouldn’t travel include:

• severe swelling of the face, arms, legs, hands or feet

• bleeding

• severe nausea and vomiting

• cramping

• extreme and/or continuing headaches

• fever

Traveling by Air. Air travel is safe for most pregnant women. Most U.S. airlines let women fly up to 36 weeks of pregnancy. For international travel, the cutoff is usually 35 weeks of pregnancy.

Pregnant women who are at high risk should avoid all air travel. You may want to keep the following things in mind if you’re considering flying during pregnancy.

• Visit your healthcare provider before you go to be sure your trip is still a “go.”

• Avoid high-altitude flights (nonstop overseas or cross-country flights) because they cruise at a higher altitude and oxygen levels can be lower. This increases your heartbeat, as well as your baby’s; baby also receives less oxygen.

• If you have problems with swelling, wear loose-fitting shoes and clothes. (This is good advice for every traveler.) Avoid pantyhose, tight clothes, knee socks or stockings, and tight waistlines.

• If you know your flight serves a meal, you can order special meals. If your flight is long and doesn’t serve food, bring along nutritious snacks.

• Drink lots of water to keep you hydrated. Take along an empty bottle, and fill it after you go through security.

• Get up and move around when you can during the flight. Try to walk at least 10 minutes every hour. Sometimes just standing up helps your circulation.

• Try to get an aisle seat, close to the bathroom. If you have to go to the bathroom a lot, it’s easier if you don’t have to crawl over someone to get out.

7. Auto Safety during Pregnancy

Many women are concerned about driving and using seat belts and shoulder harnesses during pregnancy. There’s no reason not to drive while you’re pregnant, if your pregnancy is normal and you feel OK (and you know how to drive).

Wearing safety restraints is important during pregnancy; you really lower the chance of getting hurt in an accident. If you don’t wear a seat belt, you could cause a serious injury to your baby if you’re in an accident.

Seat belts do not increase the risk of injury to you or your baby. They actually protect you both from life-threatening injuries. Don’t skip wearing seat belts as you get bigger because you’re uncomfortable. Studies show pregnant women who weren’t wearing seat belts when they were in an accident were twice as likely to have excessive bleeding and were nearly three times more likely to lose their babies.

Below are some common excuses (and our responses) for not using seat belts and shoulder harnesses in pregnancy.

Using a safety belt will hurt my baby.” There’s no evidence seat-belt use increases the chance of injury to a baby. Your chance of survival with a seat belt is better than without one. Your survival is important to your unborn baby.

The Proper Way to Wear
a Lap Belt and Shoulder Harness

There is a proper way for you to wear a seat belt during pregnancy. Wear both the shoulder strap and the lap belt. Place the lap-belt portion under your abdomen and across your upper thighs. The shoulder portion of the belt should rest between your breasts and over the middle of your collarbone. Don’t slip the belt off your shoulder. Both the shoulder belt and lap belt should be snug but comfortable. Adjust your position so the belt crosses your shoulder without cutting into your neck. You might want to check out a seat-belt extender or a maternity seat belt to help keep the seat belt from riding up on your tummy.

“I don’t want to be trapped in my car if there is a fire.” Few automobile accidents result in fires. Even if a fire did occur, you could probably undo the restraint and escape if you were conscious. Ejection from a car accounts for about 25% of all deaths in automobile accidents. Seat-belt use prevents this.

“I’m a good driver.” Defensive driving doesn’t prevent an accident.

“I don’t need to use a safety belt; I’m just going a short distance.” Most injuries occur within 25 miles of home.

We know the lap/shoulder seat-belt system is safe to wear during pregnancy, so buckle up for you and your baby. Move your seat as far away from the air bag as possible—10 inches is a good distance. You might want to consider riding in the back seat when you’re not driving. The middle of the back seat is the safest place in the car.

8. Medication Classification for Pregnancy

Medications a pregnant woman might use have been classified by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to show the risk to the baby if a mother-to-be takes it. If you have questions about any medicines you take, ask your healthcare provider about its safety.

We don’t know a lot about some medications because we haven’t studied their effects on a pregnant woman and/or her baby. That’s because we believe these substances may be dangerous and could harm the baby. No one wants to put a growing baby at risk deliberately by exposing it to a harmful substance for the sake of gathering information. So nearly all the information we have comes from accidental exposure.

Category A—Well-controlled studies in pregnant women have not shown any risk to the baby. The possibility of harm appears remote. Few medications have been tested to this level. Prenatal vitamins and folic acid are considered Category-A medications.

Category B—Animal studies indicate risk to a baby is probably low, but human studies have not been done. Examples of Category-B medications include some antibiotics, such as Ceclor (cefaclor).

Category C—Either studies in animals have revealed adverse effects or there are no controlled studies in women. Drugs should be given only if the potential benefits to the pregnant woman justify the potential risks to the fetus. An example of a Category-C medication is codeine.

Category D—Studies using animals have shown a harmful effect on the baby, or studies have not been done in humans or animals. There is evidence of risk to the baby. Benefits from use in a pregnant woman may outweigh risks if the medication is needed for a life-threatening situation or for a serious disease for which safer drugs cannot be used. An example of a Category-D medication is phenobarbital.

Category X—There is evidence the medication causes birth defects in a baby. Risks outweigh any potential benefits for women, and it is not given during pregnancy. Accutane is a Category-X medication.

Your Risk of Food Poisoning Increases

You’re at greater risk of food poisoning when you’re pregnant. Avoid raw oysters and raw clams. Don’t eat smoked or cured seafood unless it’s been cooked. Limit your liver consumption. Keep away from refrigerated meat spreads and pâtés.

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