Women

Statistics of the United Nations shows that the death of about 500,000 women worldwide each year is related to pregnancy and childbirth.

In addition, more than 60 million women encounter serious complications and 30% of them have to suffer damage in their whole life.

The culprits

Concerning this subject, Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recently introduced several reasons causing death of pregnant women accompanied by prevention methods.

1.   Due to “plan breaking”

In developing countries, women give birth without plan. They bear too many children with too short time between each time. Besides, poor health status of the mother and austere diet lead to many incurable complications, especially premature birth. To protect the health of future mothers and children, the couples should have detailed family plans, giving birth from 1-2 children in a reasonable period.

In developing countries, women give birth without plan. They bear too many children with too short time between each time.

In developing countries, women give birth without plan. They bear too many children with too short time between each time.

2.   Due to deficiency of nutrition

According to researches, pregnant women should feed up at least 4 months before pregnancy, strengthen health and live in clean environment, stay away from poison and eat well to supply enough necessary nutrients for the baby, limit the risk of spina bifida caused by lack of folic acid at the mother. To fix it, pregnant women should eat well and supplement nutrients reasonably. Especially during pregnancy the mother's body needs double amount of iron than normal people; otherwise it will lead to anemia. Iron is found in green vegetables, bean, grain.... Besides, to help the body absorb iron well, pregnant women need additional vitamin C (found in fresh fruits). Pregnant women should drink lot of water and avoid stimulating beverages containing sugar, caffeine or other additives which are not good for the body.

3.   Due to infection

Urinary tract and digestive system infections are supposed to be important perpetrators causing risk of birth complications in women, especially the premature birth and preeclampsia. Women involving this disease should have health check-up and treatment early before pregnancy.

4.      Due to using alcohol, stimulator

For long time, medicine science has warned of the danger of alcohol, stimulators including tobacco. These substances make children grow slowly and cause mental illness, physical anomalies. If the mothers get addicted to drug, she will give birth with many diseases, including addiction, and the pregnant women also experiences complications which are dangerous to life when giving birth. Inhaling smoke of other people around is also dangerous for your health (medicine calls it secondary smoke), as dangerous as heavy smokers. For this reason, women, before and during pregnancy, should live in clean environment, away from dangerous substances as listed above.

Alcohol and tobacco can make pregnant women have complication at birth

Alcohol and tobacco can make pregnant women have complication at birth

5.   Due to using medicine

During pregnancy, pregnant women should not arbitrarily take any medicine without doctor's permission. Even with vitamin, tonic, functional foods, using a lot is not beneficial. For example, an overdose of vitamin A will cause fetal abnormality.

6.   Due to weight gain and obesity

During pregnancy, women should not gain weight too much, if not, they will have complications at birth, and the baby is prone to underweight. An underweight infant faces risk of death 40 times higher than a normal child. Pregnant women should maintain normal weight by scientific diet. The point of view that eating for two people is not true so it is necessary to ask for advice from consultant to keep the diet properly. Normally, woman should increase from 9 - 12kg for the whole pregnancy period. Particularly teenage women, women with low body weight should gain from 12 - 15kg, the excess weight people should only gain from 7 - 9kg.

Notice before giving birth

Pregnant women should visit doctor regularly to reduce the risk of death for them and reduce risks for future baby. In difficult economic areas, especially in remote areas, should take advantage of local midwifery services, and consult experienced people to limit unnecessary risks.

Thanks to early visits, pregnant women can foresee risks such as twins, multiple births, high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular fetus. Test for Streptococcus B bacteria from 26-28 weeks of pregnancy to restrict the risk of infection at birth and spread to children. While seeing doctor, pregnant women should inform him about medical history such as vaginal bleeding, infection, finger pain, dim eyes, stomachache, continuous vomiting, pain when urinating or difficulty urinating...

Many pregnant women underestimate the personal hygiene; this is the main perpetrator of complications. During pregnancy, women can take a bath normally, but should not wash private part or soak in the bathtub for long time. Besides, should avoid contact people who are having viral disease, especially smallpox. To avoid helminth infections from animals, eat well-done food and drink boiled water, stay away from secretions from the cat. Sex in the last months should be limited, especially to people who used to have vaginal bleeding or miscarriage.

To avoid helminth infections from animals, eat well-done food and drink boiled water, stay away from secretions from the cat.

To avoid helminth infections from animals, eat well-done food and drink boiled water, stay away from secretions from the cat.

Stay away from sources of infection such as X-ray radiation, toxic chemicals. Restrict direct contact with chemicals, cosmetics. Avoid high temperature or too cold environment, even when playing sport, limit barefoot contact with soil and water. Decide in advance whether you take vaginal birth or caesarean section... Pregnant women should know this thing to have decision soon. Remember that many deaths were caused by excessive bleeding, so be ready for blood transfusion when necessary.

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